Technical oil is one of the foundations of accident-free and non-stop tractor operation. The correct selection of oil for the tractor is a 50% guarantee that the machine will not let you down at subzero temperatures, or will not “get stuck” somewhere in the field due to engine failure. What should be done to prevent this from happening?
Follow the instructions for operation and maintenance of the tractor.
We usually rely at random. And from this we have many problems. If you want your tractor to always be in good working order and not a hassle, strictly follow the instructions for its operation and maintenance.
The operating instructions for the tractor clearly define the terms and types of work that you must perform to prevent breakdowns. One of the most common causes of engine failure is the use of contaminated oil. One of these types of preventive work is periodic oil changes.
Each tractor model has its own oil change intervals.
Periodically it is recommended to drain and change the oil in the flywheel housing, side clutches (if any) to prevent oiling of the friction linings, discs. And of course, be sure to change the oil in the gearbox, final drives, chassis and hydraulic system of the tractor.
These simple steps will allow you to save money on repairs and buying spare parts for the tractor.
Remember that changing the oil in a tractor also means changing filters and flushing parts.
Tractor service manuals clearly state that servicing the engine lubrication system includes: changing the oil in the system, flushing the system, flushing the oil centrifuge and flushing the turbocharger filter. The same applies to changing the oil in the crankcase starting engine.
If you do not change the filter or rinse the centrifuge, then all dirt, small particles of debris and dust will get into the oil. And you will have to change the oil faster than necessary.
Buy only manufacturer recommended tractor oils
You know very well that now in shops and wholesalers you can find a huge selection of oils for tractors. What kind of tractor oil should you buy? We answer that to service the tractor, buy oils recommended by the manufacturer. Each tractor maintenance manual contains a lubrication table that details the types of oils that should be used to service a particular tractor system. The table also clearly defines the volumes of the refueling tanks. This is necessary in order not to buy “extra” oil for the tractor. That is, it is very convenient when drawing up an application for the purchase of spare parts, tools and oils for servicing the tractor.
On the Internet on the forums of tractor drivers, you can read questions about whether it is possible to mix different oils with each other and use other oils for the tractor? The answers to these questions can be found in the tractor operating instructions. Since today both domestic and foreign manufacturers of oils for tractors are present on the market, the manufacturers of equipment take this fact into account and indicate in a special table the allowed substitutes for oils for the tractor.
The list of imported oils recommended for use for servicing a tractor usually includes all major manufacturers of lubricants, such as Fuchs, Exxon Mobil and others.
Take into account the climatic operating conditions of the tractor and the “complexity” of the tractor itself
Another important point that should be noted is that the manufacturer recommends certain viscosity-temperature indicators when selecting oil for a tractor. When selecting oil for the tractor, be sure to take into account the climatic conditions of the machine. Viscosity charts are usually indicated on the labels that each tractor oil can has.
Alternatively, the viscosity tables can be found in the tractor operating instructions.
If you have just bought a new tractor, then in this case follow the terms of the guarantee. And buy only the tractor oil recommended by the manufacturer. Otherwise, you will do the warranty repair of the tractor at your own expense.
Buy only new, not used tractor oil
And finally, it is worth drawing your attention to the fact that only use unused tractor oil. Very often, to save money, used oil is poured into the filling systems of the tractor. This leads to the fact that the filters become clogged faster, the turbocharger fails, the gaskets, oil seals and cuffs “leak”, and the engine itself starts to work intermittently. Here you still need to calculate what will be cheaper. Use new oil, or still fill in used oil, and more often spend money on the purchase of filters and other spare parts for the tractor.